But there are downsides, too.
Towns like Rockaway Township and Hasbrouck Heights took different approaches to spending tax dollars. The township has paid for badges and expenses only for the business administrator and health officer, he said. When questioned, Darcy was adamant that Atlantic City had the only venue with the capacity to host the conference. This is a professional conference for adults, and we want it to be handled in a first-class, professional manner.
Lodi officials consider the show floor a resource. In addition to information about available resources, vendors hand out lots of promotional items, including pens, hats and mugs. Your Name:. Send a copy to yourself?
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Cancel Send. Liberty, Warren County - click picture to visit Liberty Township's website. Knowlton, Warren County - click picture to visit Knowlton's website. Alpha, Warren County - click picture to visit Alpha Borough website. Greenwich, Warren County - click picture to visit Greenwich's website. The court's opinion did not directly address Fair Share's claim under the common law right of access to public records.
However, the court entered an order dismissing Fair Share's complaint in its entirety, including the count asserting the common law right. Therefore, we deem that claim to have been rejected even though not discussed by the court. Fair Share's argument that OPRA provides a right of public access to documents in the League's possession is based upon the definition of "[p]ublic agency" or "agency" set forth in N.
Lafayette Yard Cmty. This definition states:. The first sentence of this definition clearly does not apply to the League because it refers solely to the State Legislature, departments in the Executive Branch of State Government and other State agencies and instrumentalities.
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Thus, Fair Share's argument relies solely upon the part of the definition of "public agency" contained in the second sentence of N. Fair Share's primary argument is that the League is a "combination of political subdivisions" within the intent of the second sentence because it was formed by its member municipalities, which are indisputably political subdivisions.
However, to constitute a political subdivision, an entity must provide some governmental service, such as education, police protection, maintenance of roadways, sewage disposal, or urban renewal. See Nw.
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Consequently, the only reasonable interpretation of "combination of political subdivisions" in N. We note in this regard that in some circumstances the statutes governing municipal corporations authorize municipalities to provide governmental services in combination with other municipalities by the creation of a separate entity to perform that governmental service. See, e. If such an entity is established, it undoubtedly would generate government records in the course of providing the government service.
Therefore, the evident legislative objective in including a "combination of political subdivisions" in the definition of "public agency" or "agency" was to assure that such a governmental entity would be subject to OPRA. Unlike a governmental entity created by two or more municipalities to provide a governmental service, the League does not provide police protection, maintain roadways, engage in urban renewal projects, or perform any other function that would be recognized as a government service.
Instead, the League advises municipal officials and acts as an advocate for municipal governments before the Legislature and in administrative and judicial proceedings. Its role is similar in this respect to a private association such as the Chamber of Commerce.
New Jersey League of Municipalities - Page 1
Therefore, even though the League's membership consists of municipalities, this does not make the League a "combination of political subdivisions" within the intent of N. Fair Share also argues that the League constitutes an "office. Furthermore, within government, the terms "office," "instrumentality," and "agency" are generally understood, like the term "combination of political subdivisions," to refer to an entity that performs a governmental function.
See Black's Law Dictionary , , 67 8th ed. If we had any doubt about our conclusion that the terms "combination of political subdivisions," "office," "instrumentality," and "agency" should be given their commonly understood meaning as an entity that performs a governmental service, it would be dispelled by the legislative definition of "government record," which is also contained in N. The pertinent part of this definition states:.
By its plain terms, in addition to State officers and agencies, this definition only applies to "political subdivision[s]" and "subordinate boards thereof. Moreover, the critical term in the main operative sections of OPRA is "government record" rather than "public agency. Therefore, the restrictive definition of "government record" in N. Our conclusion that the League is not subject to OPRA is consistent with Lafayette Yard, supra, which involved a private nonprofit corporation established to enable the City of Trenton to redevelop a blighted area by construction of a hotel, conference center, and parking facility.
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